Anchor of Hope Haiti

Haitian Culture

 


Haitian Basics

Haiti is known as one of the poorest countries in the world. It is estimated that 80% of the population lives in poverty and all face serious daily challenges. The country has a history of natural disasters, which continually threaten the culture. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010, has critically injured an already struggling society. Leaving thousands dead and thousands more homeless and helpless, this disaster still requires a significant response.

Climate & Language

Haiti's climate is typically tropical. Temperatures range from 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit. . Haiti's rainy season runs from May to July. During the rainy season, the country experiences showers in the evenings that last a couple of hours at a time. Haiti has two official languages: Haitian Creole and French. Those who are uneducated can only speak Creole; those who are educated can speak both, but French is the preferred and necessary language of commerce.

Economy

It is estimated that 40% of the population is unemployed while two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs. The poverty levels create a situation in which many families use subsistence farming (using agriculture to feed only their families) in order to survive. Although subsistence farming is prevalent, there is also an organized agriculture industry. Agriculture, along with fishing and forestry, annually account for more than a quarter of Haiti's gross domestic product. In addition, mining and manufacturing are small contributors to Haiti's economy. The banking and financial situation in Haiti can be described as bleak at best. Banks often crumble under the poor economic foundations that plague the country. The currency in Haiti is the French "gourde" The current exchange rate for the gourde is 40 gourdes to every U.S. dollar.

Haiti Education

Primary education is available, but  families must pay school fees. School fees range from $100 to $1200 a year. Education in Haiti is seen as a trademark of success in life and opens doors for privileges, social rank, travel and better jobs. Secondary education, such as college or university is available, but often unattainable because of cost.

Food & Fun

The Haitian people are known for the wonderful food and amazing hospitality! They rely heavily on starches such as rice, beans, and plantains. The most common Haitian dish, consists of rice and beans, fried plantain, and your choice of meat, most often chicken or pork (or whatever else is available). Lambi is a conch fish that is harvested off the coast of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Tropical fruits are also a fixture in the Haitian diet. Fun and entertainment in the country of Haiti take a backseat to the struggle to survive. As a result of the country's significant African descent and influence, African music is immersed in the Haitian culture. Artwork is also a regular sight; open air galleries line the roads and villages throughout the country. Fútbol (soccer) is the most popular sport on the island.

History & Religion

Voodoo is still practiced by Haitians today.  During the transfer of slaves from west and central Africa to Haiti, slaves brought with them their religions, their labor, and their uniting belief in the spirit world. The Haitians' belief in the spirit world was a means of coping with the ravages of slavery, which became a cornerstone of the concept of Voodoo. The term Voodoo literally means divine spirit and comes from the modern day country of Benin, which is one of the countries that provided Haiti with many of its slaves. It's estimated that 80 percent of Haitians are Roman Catholic. The religious spectrum in the country also includes Baptists, Pentecostals, Methodists, and others. Voodoo, as a religion, is oftentimes practiced alongside Christianity even today, to appeal to a larger majority of Haitians.

 

Country Information

Region: Caribbean
Population: 10,000,000
Language: Creole, French, English
Ethnicity: African descent, Caucasian
Religion: Catholicism, Protestant, Voodoo
Avg. Income: $400/yr
Climate: Tropical
Independence:  1804

 

Poverty

Haiti remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world.

  • Gross National Income per capita is $400 (U.S. Dept of state 2001)
  • 2 out of 3 Haitians live on  $2/day 
  • Less than 50 % of households have access to safe water and only 25 percent benefit from adequate sanitation 50% of urban Haitians are unemployed. Rural areas can be up to 80%
Education
  • 50 % of children do not attend school (World Bank 2013)
  • Approximately 30% of children attending primary school will not make it to third grade; 60% will abandon school before sixth grade (UNICEF 2008)
  • Haiti’s literacy rate is 61% – 64% for males and 57% for females (Health & Nutrition)
  • Only 29 % of Haitians 25 and above attend secondary school (USAID 2015)
Health
  • Life expectancy is 63 years  (World Bank 2013) 
  • Infant mortality: 55 per 1000 births (UNICEF 2015)
  • Under five years mortality rate: 88 per 1000 live births
  • 1 in 14 children die from malnutrition before reaching the age of 5 years old
  • 59 per 1,000 born in Haiti die before reaching their first birthday (Ministry of Health 2012)
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Anchor of Hope located in

Traverse City, Michigan and serves

School of Hope and Manna of Hope

             Nourishment Center